Proper microorganisms require three conditions:
Foodstuffs: Microorganisms, like the superior animals, need a food source to produce energy. The source of the food for the compost active microorganisms is the various organic substances.
Oxygen: oxidation of organic matter requires oxygen. Composting is an aerobic process that requires the presence of air and oxygen.
Water: The groups of microorganisms that are active in the process are the bacteria, whose activity is carried out in a water environment only. Therefore, the composted embryo material must be wet enough to allow the activity of the bacteria. Organic matter is a general name for a vast group of compounds with an infinite variety of properties.
The main source of organic materials is living organisms, hence the origin of the name. However, as a general definition, it is possible to determine that the organic materials are composed of four elements: carbon (C). Nitrogen (N), oxygen (0) and hydrogen (H). In the process of composting the organic materials are broken down into their constituents, which are again available to the plants for a new growth cycle.
The compost into the garden When we transfer all the organic material to the compost pile, not only do we reduce the volume of garbage and save the volume of transport in garbage cars, but also give gifts to the land and plants. Anyone who passes the compost he has prepared for potted plants or the vegetable garden will find that his plants are developing better and faster.
The compost we add to the soil enriches it with minerals, nourishes the soil, improves drainage and prevents erosion. And if that is not enough, it improves the rate at which minerals reach the roots by the action of the bacteria in a slow, natural process that occurs throughout the growth season.
Compost Preparation – It’s not that simple if you’re convinced that Compost is right and cost-effective, so what prevented you from entering the compost industry?
It is commonly believed that the process of compost production requires great effort, involves environmental hazards, and is doomed to fail. I would like to contradict this opinion and give you a few basic tips that will help you get through the initial barrier and join the group of compost manufacturers who are addicted to the simplicity and beauty of this endeavor.
Here are detailed instructions and if you are sure about them, success is guaranteed
1. Choosing a place in the garden: Locate a place in your garden, preferably on the edge of the garden in a shady place. The shade will prevent dehydration of the compost. It is important for the compost container to have direct contact with the soil so that the variety of the fertilizers will easily enter the pile. It is best to keep the composters away from home developers, but place them in an accessible place that you can easily reach each time you pour out your kitchen waste.
2. Compost container: Get a large container of plastic material and puncture a few holes, especially in the lower part. The holes are important for ventilation in order to penetrate the oxygen needed for the decomposition process. Composters can also be purchased from different manufacturers of different sizes.
In many local authorities, you can purchase a Compostar at a subsidized price. The commercial composters have ventilation vents, and a door at the bottom that allows the compost to be released. Compost can also be produced in an open pile.